Dietary patterns in pregnancy and associations with socio-demographic and lifestyle factors. Assaf et al. Babies who aren’t breastfed are more likely to get diarrhoea, vomiting and respiratory infections. Vegan-vegetarian diets in pregnancy: Danger or panacea? Luckily, dairy products aren’t the only options for getting your daily recommended calcium. Gestational Diabetes Vegetarian diets and high intake of fiber could avoid the development of Gestational Diabetes GD. A comprehensive systematic review.
Vegetarian and vegan diets have increased worldwide in the last decades, according to the knowledge that they might prevent coronary heart disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes. Althought plant-based diets are at risk of nutritional deficiencies such as proteins, iron, vitamin D, calcium, iodine, omega-3, and vitamin B12, the available evidence shows that well planned vegetarian and vegan diets may be considered safe during pregnancy and lactation, but they require a strong awareness for a balanced intake of key nutrients. A review of the scientific literature in this field was performed, focusing specifically on observational studies in humans, in order to investigate protective effects elicited by maternal diets enriched in plant-derived foods and possible unfavorable outcomes related to micronutrients deficiencies and their impact on fetal development. A design of pregestational nutrition intervention is required in order to avoid maternal undernutrition and consequent impaired fetal growth. Pregnancy requires an increased intake of macro and micronutrients and balanced diet. For that, it offers a critical window of opportunity to acquire dietetic habits that are beneficial for fetal healthy [ 2 ]. The percentage of vegetarians and vegans in the general population has increased over the last years partly due to evidence that vegetarianism is linked to improved health. Thus, cohort data have shown that low-fat diets enriched with fruit, vegetables, and fiber can lead to a reduction of risk factors for coronary heart diseases, a better lipid profile [ 4 ], lower body mass index BMI [ 5 ], and lower blood pressure [ 6 ]. In addition vegetarian diets appear to prevent cancer and type 2 diabetes [ 7, 8 ].
However, women in the second half of pregnancy sometimes need to take a supplement regardless of the type of diet they follow. Neonatal mortality rate was lower in the calcium group. Women who did not usually consume daily servings of vegetables during pregnancy Northstone K. A study conducted in small sample of pregnant Indian women showed that hyperhomocystinemia leads to global DNA hypermethylation in vegetarian population due to low dietary intake of vitamin B during pregnancy and that this could predispose to cardiovascular risk and obesity [ 70 ]. Middleton P.