Rastafarianism and the Vegans Syndrome. Microalgal docosahexaenoic acid decreases plasma triacylglycerol in normolipidaemic vegetarians: a randomised trial. Harach T, et al. Goldin, M. Geographic location was a strong moderator with the most compelling evidence for the health advantages of a vegan diet coming from the US, whereas in Taiwan, India and Vietnam, there was much less evidence of its benefit. J Am Diet Assoc. In addition, the use of eggs was recently shown to be associated with a higher risk of pancreatic cancer
Western societies notice an increasing interest in plant-based eating patterns such as vegetarian and vegan, yet potential effects on the body and brain are a matter of debate. Therefore, we systematically reviewed existing human interventional studies on putative effects of a plant-based diet on the metabolism and cognition, and what is known about the underlying mechanisms. In addition, little is known, based on interventional studies about cognitive effects linked to plant-based diets. In sum, the increasing interest for plant-based diets raises the opportunity for developing novel preventive and therapeutic strategies against obesity, eating disorders and related comorbidities. Still, putative effects of plant-based diets on brain health and cognitive functions as well as the underlying mechanisms remain largely unexplored and new studies need to address these questions. Western societies notice an increasing interest in plant-based eating patterns such as avoiding meat or fish or fully excluding animal products vegetarian or vegan, see Fig. In , around 0.
On the basis of our present knowledge, vegans do not appear likely to have any significant advantages over other vegetarians about chronic disease patterns In a meta-analysis of 10 randomized controlled trials, soy isoflavones showed a significant benefit to spine BMD of menopausal women Franzosa EA, et al. For example, soy, quinoa, and nuts are good sources of protein, and tofu, lentils, and spinach are good sources of iron. Cancer Causes Control ; 9 : — 7. A registered dietitian should be part of the health care team that designs a plant-based diet for patients with chronic disease, especially if multiple medications are involved. Nutr J. Serum uric acid concentrations in meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans: a cross-sectional analysis in the EPIC-Oxford Cohort. Risk factors and disease among vegans. Role of homocysteine in the development of cardiovascular disease. Dietz, M.